Criminal law, also known as penal law is a term used to refer to different rule bodies in distinct jurisdictions. One common characteristic of these rule bodies is the propensity for distinct and serious judgments as punishments for failing to comply. Criminal punishment which depends on the jurisdiction and offense committed can include the loss of one’s liberty, fines, government supervision such as probation or parole and even execution. An attorney seeks to defend the accused individuals against such eventualities. There are various archetypal crimes such as murder. It is worth noting the forbidden acts are not completely consistent between distinct criminal codes. However, even in specific codes, the lines may be unclear. This is because civil refractions are also likely to give rise to criminal outcomes. In most instances, it is the government that enforces criminal law. This is unlike civil law which could be implemented by private parties.
1.) Do not retain a criminal law attorney or DUI defense lawyer based upon the attorney’s office location. For many hardworking people, it is simply easier to go to a local criminal law attorney blocks away to make legal decisions that could land you or a loved one in jail and/or affect one’s livelihood forever. While a general practice attorney is often acceptable for non specialty areas such as the drafting of wills, contacts, etc., criminal and drunk driving defense has become a specialized field requiring unique training and attention. For example, most police departments have officers who are trained to do nothing other than pursue drunk driving arrests or drug crimes. As a result, it is often critical that your attorney be one that has devoted himself or herself exclusively to the practice of criminal law or DUI defense with more training in the field than the officer who has arrested you. In an age where most all top criminal or DUI attorneys are accessible for free phone or computer consultations, there is simply no reason not to consult with as many capable criminal defense law attorneys as possible before making the all important decision of who will defend you in a criminal court of law.
According to criminal law, crimes are offences against the social order. In common law jurisdictions, there is a legal fiction that crimes disturb the peace of the sovereign. Government officials, as agents of the sovereign, are responsible for the prosecution of offenders. Hence, the criminal law “plaintiff” is the sovereign, which in practical terms translates into the monarch or the people.